俄羅斯網絡巨頭Yandex的影片網站可能會因侵權而被封鎖

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  • 俄羅斯網絡巨頭Yandex的影片網站可能會因侵權而被封鎖

      201809/2814:33
    ◎隨著音樂產業準備在歐洲推動新法律以增加像Google的YouTube這種用戶上傳平台所須負的責任,俄羅斯的網絡巨頭Yandex正面臨著如果不移除其影片網站上的盜版內容,就會被該國的網路服務提供商封鎖的前景。

    ◎根據Torrentfreak引用俄羅斯新聞社Interfax的消息,Yandex近幾週遭到該國主要電視及廣播公司的抨擊,電視及廣播公司希望Yandex從其搜尋引擎中刪除盜版內容的鏈接以及其影片網站上的實際盜版內容,這兩點是西方版權所有者也希望Google做到的。目前在俄羅斯仍然很難保護知識產權,但與此同時,該國近年來已經加強了一些版權法律,在這樣的情況下,Yandex所負的義務,如果有執行的話,是遠高於Google在歐洲所負的義務,即使新的歐盟版權指令有以目前的形式在進行。在Yandex平台上有越來越多侵犯版權的內容,多家俄羅斯電視及廣播公司包括俄羅斯最大的媒體Gazprom-Media和國家媒體集團,上週已經從Yandex的線上電視服務中移除了他們的頻道。Gazprom-Media也走上法律途徑在莫斯科的法院取得命令,要求Yandex停止在其搜尋引擎上鍊接到該公司的內容的盜版版本。

    ◎在法院命令發佈之後,該國時有爭議的擁有網絡封鎖權力的網路監管機構Rozcomnadzor也公佈了一項命令,要求由Gazprom-Media所擁有的所有內容如未經許可就發佈到Yandex的影片平台Yandex.video上的話,也必須被刪除。在發給Interfax的一份聲明中,Roskomnadzor的副主管Vadim Subbotin表示,如果Yandex不遵守該命令,該國的網路服務供應商將被命令封鎖訪問Yandex.video的權限。

    詳細全文:

    As the music industry prepares to push for new laws in Europe increasing the liabilities of user-upload platforms like Google's YouTube, Russian web giant Yandex is facing the prospect of having its video site blocked by the country's internet service providers if it doesn't remove pirated content from said site.

    According to Torrentfreak – citing Russian news agency Interfax – Yandex has come under fire in recent weeks from key broadcasters in the country, which want the web firm to remove links to pirated content from its search engine and actual pirated content from its video site. Both are things Western copyright owners would also like Google to do.

    It can still be hard to protect intellectual property rights in Russia today, but at the same time the country has ramped up some of its copyright laws in recent years. So much so, Yandex's obligations – if enforced – are much higher than those of Google in Europe, even if the new EU copyright directive goes through in its current form.

    In a growing row over copyright infringing content on the Yandex platform, various Russian broadcasters, including Gazprom-Media and the National Media Group, last week removed their channels from the web firm's online TV service. Gazprom-Media also went legal and secured a court order in Moscow demanding that Yandex stop linking to pirated copies of the broadcaster's content on its search engine.

    In the wake of that ruling, the country's sometimes controversial internet watchdog Rozcomnadzor – which has web-blocking powers – issued its owner order. It demanded that all and any content owed by Gazprom-Media and posted without licence to the web company's video platform, Yandex.video, also be removed.

    In a statement issued to Interfax, the Deputy Head of Roskomnadzor Vadim Subbotin subsequently said that ISPs in the country will be ordered to block access to Yandex.video if the web giant does not comply with the recent orders.

    Subbotin seemingly told the news agency: "If Yandex does not take measures then, according to the law, the Yandex.Video service must be blocked". Though he did then add: "Let's wait for the execution of the decision, [then] we will hold consultations with them".

    Yandex is yet to respond to any of this, but a web-block could seemingly be instigated against its video site as soon as tonight if it doesn't comply with the court and regulator's orders. It will be interesting to see if that happens though, given Yandex's dominance in the Russian market.

    CMU

    https://bit.ly/2Q8yhfK