廣播電台音樂播放版稅費率的決定將影響歌曲創作者的收入

  • 流覽次數:: 82
  • 分類: 產業區
  • 分享次數:
  • 作者: 音樂地圖
  • 廣播電台音樂播放版稅費率的決定將影響歌曲創作者的收入

      201807/3007:40

    ◎在表演權組織和廣播電台之間激烈的爭戰中最新的發展是針對無線廣播電台中音樂播放的版稅費率,BMI(廣播音樂公司)和RMLC(廣播音樂授權協會)為此走上稅率法庭,而決定可能會改變歌曲創作者的收入。

    ◎歌曲創作者以往能從電台播放中獲得大量的公開表演版稅,而在版權保護的環境下許多暢銷歌曲仍然有此榮景,也就是說表演權組織(如ASCAP和BMI)與廣播音樂授權組織RMLC之間仍持續在爭戰著,在每次問題出現進行談判時試圖提高和降低費率。讓情況更複雜的是,在ASCAP、BMI、SESAC和現在Irving Azoff的GMR幾個組織之間也存在著競爭來獲得更高的稅率。

    ◎自上一次協議於2017年底締結以來,現在這項議題的進度來到BMI和RMLC在負責做出決策的BMI稅率法庭上提出各自的論點。根據RMLC向法庭提交的文件,它希望將7,900個美國廣播電台從現在要支付總收入的1.7%費率降至1.4%,這包括傳統地面廣播、網路廣播、高音質廣播和群組廣播。爭議點在於廣播環境已不像以往那樣健全,廣告收入下降,甚至在最受歡迎的電台和節目中也有很多廣告的空缺;另一個爭議是,BMI已經流失了很多會員轉為加入GMR,並沒有像之前那麼強大,所以它不值得獲得同樣的支付。BMI反駁認為,電台的播歌曾經代表著很多有助於實體銷售的免費推廣促銷,也就是有更多的錢進入其歌曲創作者會員的口袋裡;但現在情況已非如此,實體銷售量已跌至谷底,而把聽收音機作為消費音樂主要方式的人也變得更少,因此幾乎沒有推廣促銷的價值。

    ◎在這場爭戰的幕後還有著更多情況,但是無論費率法庭做出什麼決定,都將影響未來歌曲創作者的收入,因為它將對其他的表演權組織產生雪球效應。

    詳細全文:

    The latest chapter in an ever-raging battle between performance rights organizations and radio to set rates for music use on radio i has BMI and RMLC headed to Rate Court, for a decision that could change songwriter incomes.

    Guest post by Bobby Owsinski of Music 3.0

    Songwriters have always made a good amount of performance royalties from radio airplay, and many still do under the right circumstances (meaning, a big hit). That said, there's a constant battle between the performance rights organizations (PROs – ASCAP and BMI) and the RMLC (Radio Music Licensing Committee) to raise and lower the rates every time the issue comes up for negotiation. To make matters even more complicated, there's competition between ASCAP, BMI, SESAC, and now Irving Azoff's Global Music Rights (GMR) to get a higher rate the rest.

    Since the previous agreement concluded at the end of 2017, the issue is now coming to head as BMI and the RMLC present their arguments in front of the decision making body known as the BMI Rate Court.

    According to the RMLC filing with the Court, it wants to reduce the rate that the 7,900 U.S. radio stations now pays from 1.7% to 1.4% of total revenue. That covers terrestrial broadcast, internet simulcasts, HD broadcast and multicasts. The argument is that radio isn't as healthy as it used to be, which is essentially true since ad revenues are down and there's a lot of blank commercial space even on the most popular stations and shows. Another argument is that BMI has lost a lot of members to GMR and isn't as strong as it once was, so it doesn't deserve to get paid the same.

    BMI has countered with the argument that once upon a time radio airplay represented a lot of free promotion which helped sales of physical product, meaning more money in its member songwriters pockets. That's no longer the case as physical sales have fallen through the floor, and fewer people use radio as their primary means to consume music, so there's little promotional value.

    There's actually much more going on behind the scenes, but whatever is decided by the Rate Court will affect songwriter income one way or the other in the future, as it will have a snowball effect on the other PROs as well. If you're a songwriter with songs on the radio, keep on eye on this.

    Hypebot

    https://bit.ly/2tBMiJx