索尼、華納和環球聯手要求網路供應商Sky對侵權的訂戶進行網路斷線

  • 流覽次數:: 93
  • 分類: 產業區
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  • 作者: 音樂地圖
    • 201808/2406:36

    ◎索尼音樂娛樂公司、華納音樂公司和環球音樂公司已聯手要求愛爾蘭的寬頻暨有線電視網Sky Ireland實施所謂的「三振」制度來對付盜版訂閱戶。據了解,Sky沒有反對對持續侵權的行為進行斷線,但不會在沒有法院命令的情況下這樣做。

    ◎過去10年來,愛爾蘭錄製音樂協會(IRMA)在當地網路供應商Eircom同意實施所謂的「三振」制度後,終止了對該公司的法律訴訟。在該協議中,包括索尼、環球和華納在內的IRMA唱片公司會員會追蹤涉嫌侵權的Eircom線上訂閱戶,讓Eircom轉發侵權通知給訂戶;被抓到累積犯行三次的訂戶將被截斷網路服務。該協議中也表示會給Eircom一個公平的競爭環境,因此唱片公司轉而針對另一個網路供應商UPC(後來由Virgin併購)要求其實施相同的計劃。UPC拒絕如此做,使得該案件進入法律程序;2015年,高等法院裁定支持唱片公司,駁回UPC所提出的監管其訂戶的線上活動並非網路供應商的工作的說法。

    ◎三年後唱片公司再次集結,希望在愛爾蘭更廣泛地引入此累進的回應計劃,這次他們鎖定的是Sky Ireland。據愛爾蘭時報報導,Sky告訴唱片公司它將遵守他們的要求,但要求他們必須先取得法院命令。之前就已經與英格蘭足球超級聯賽合作阻止侵權串流的Sky表示,它正在與音樂產業「積極合作」以應對線上盜版。對於這樣的案件,要求法院發出命令是標準的程序,鑑於Sky過去的記錄,應該不會引起太大的爭執。走法院程序所花費的開銷可能會有點麻煩,但制度的實施不太會是一個棘手的問題。作為回應,這些唱片公司在IRMA的名義下在高等法院提起訴訟,IRMA執行長Willie Kavanagh也提交了支援文件。

    ◎愛爾蘭時報報導,IRMA也在與愛爾蘭Vodafone進行協商實施同樣的反盜版計劃,但Vodafone已「提出技術考量並尋求更多的時間」。無論如何,Vodafone絕對不可能在沒有法律依據的情況下開始截斷客戶的網路連線,所以在這個案件中也會需要法院命令。

    詳細全文:

    Sony Music Entertainment, Warner Music and Universal Music have teamed up to demand that Sky Ireland implements a so-called "three strikes" regime to deal with pirating subscribers. Its understood that Sky has no objection to disconnecting persistent copyright infringers but will not do so without a court order. A report suggests that Vodafone is also being targeted.

    At the turn of the last decade, the Irish Recorded Music Association (IRMA) ended legal action against local ISP Eircom when the provider agreed to implement a so-called "three strikes" regime.

    The agreement saw member labels including Sony, Universal, and Warner tracking allegedly-infringing Eircom subscribers online and Eircom forwarding infringement notices. Those caught three times would be eligible for disconnection from the Internet.

    Under an agreement to give Eircom a level playing field, the labels targeted another ISP, UPC (later taken over by Virgin), with a demand to implement the same scheme. UPC dug in its heels and the case dragged on through the legal system.

    In 2015, the High Court ruled in favor of the labels, rejecting complaints from UPC that it's not an ISP's job to police its subscribers' activities online.

    Now, more than three years later, the labels are back again with a renewed effort to have the graduated response scheme introduced more widely in Ireland. This time around, Sony, Warner and Universal are targeting Sky Ireland.

    According to the Irish Times, Sky has told the labels it will comply with their demands but has asked that they obtain a court order first.

    Sky, which is already collaborating with the Premier League to block infringing streams, said that it was "actively working" with the industry to deal with online piracy.

    "It's therefore important that companies like ours do what they can, alongside the Government and the rest of the media and technology industries, to help protect copyright," Sky said.

    "Copyright holders who believe broadband users have unlawfully shared content online have the option of taking their cases to court. If the order is granted, the service provider must comply and Sky would, of course, comply with any such order."

    Asking for a court order to be produced is standard form in such cases but given Sky's track record in such matters, it probably won't be putting up much of a fight. The issue of costs is likely to be a matter for dispute but putting the regime in place is unlikely to be a sticking point.

    In response, the labels (under the Irish Recorded Music Association umbrella) initiated a claim in the High Court this week, with supporting papers filed by IRMA chief Willie Kavanagh.

    IT reports that IRMA is also in talks with Vodafone Ireland to implement the same anti-piracy scheme but the ISP has "raised technical concerns and sought more time." In any event, Vodafone is extremely unlikely to begin disconnecting customers without a legal basis so a court order will be required in this case too.

    Torrent freak

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