美國版權版稅委員會增加歌曲創作者版稅44%,相關組織競標監督機械重製權

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  • 美國版權版稅委員會增加歌曲創作者版稅44%,相關組織競標監督機械重製權

      201902/1904:01

    ◎美國版權版稅委員會CRB日前向聯邦公報公佈了歌曲創作者的機械版稅的最終費率和條款,該規定被首次宣布的一年多之後終於正式公佈。

    ◎該費率涵蓋期間為2018年至2022年,包括在未來5年內向歌曲創作者支付的總收入百分比從10.5%顯著增加到15.1%,相當於在此期間增加了將近44%。此外,CRB也取消了總內容成本(TCC)的上限,TCC從2018年的22.0開始,到2022年將上升到26.2。在聯邦公報上的公佈的報告有30天的審核期間,參與設定費率程序的各方可以對該費率決定提出上訴。

    ◎費率增加的實施伴隨著利益相關者組織的成立,包括美國音樂出版協會NMPA以及納許維爾國際歌曲創作者協會和北美歌曲創作者組織都在競標要監督新的機械重製權集體授權組織MLC,該組織由音樂現代化法案授權管理在美國的機械權利。MLC將由數位服務所支付的行政費用提供資金,數位服務將可從MLC獲得整體的機械權利授權,從而使他們不必去為每首歌曲分別獲得許可。MLC將向每個音樂服務個別收取授權費,每年可能會支付達數億美元。希望競標監管MLC的團體必須在3月31日之前完成提交,到目前為止,只有美國音樂授權聯盟AMLC已經提交。AMLC的董事會成員包括詞曲創作者Stewart Copeland、Rick Carnes、John Barker、Brownlee Ferguson和Lisa Klein Moberly等。

    詳細全文:

    The US Copyright Royalty Board published the final rates and terms for mechanical royalties for songwriters to the Federal Register on Tuesday, making them official more than a year after they were first announced.

    The rates cover the period from 2018 to 2022 includes a significant increase in the overall percentage of revenue paid to songwriters from 10.5% to 15.1% over the next five years, equating to an almost 44% jump over the period.

    Additionally, the CRB removed the Total Content Cost (TCC) cap, and the TCC starts at 22.0 for 2018 and rises to 26.2 for 2022.

    The publication in the Federal Register starts the clock on a 30-day window in which parties that participated in the proceedings setting the rates can appeal the rate decision.

    In a post on the National Music Publishers Association's Facebook page on Tuesday, the organization's president David Israel said:

    "The Copyright Royalty Board published today the Final Rates and Terms for songwriters for mechanical royalties (Decision was announced a year ago). NMPA and NSAI fought hard to increase songwriter royalties by 44+%. The digital music companies now have 30 days to decide whether to appeal that ruling and in effect declare war against songwriters. Apple has announced it will not appeal. The others won't say. We will know soon whether some digital companies want to be partners or want to attack the Songwriters who make their businesses possible. Stay tuned."

    Industry Coalition Makes Bid To Oversea Mechanical Licensing Collective

    The implementation of the rate increase comes as a coalition of stakeholders that includes the NMPA, as well as the Nashville Songwriters Association International, and the Songwriters of North America has made a bid to oversee the new Mechanical Licensing Collective. The Collective, mandated by the Music Modernization Act, to administer mechanical rights in the U.S.

    The MLC will be funded by administrative fees paid by digital services, who will benefit by being able to obtain a blanket mechanical license from the MLC, saving them from having to license each song. The MLC will collect license fees from each service that may be worth hundreds of millions in royalty payments per year.

    Entities wishing to submit a bid to oversee the MLC must do so by March 31st, and to date, only one other competitor – The American Music Licensing Collective – has done so. AMLC's board includes songwriters Stewart Copeland and Rick Carnes, as well as John Barker, Brownlee Ferguson, Lisa Klein Moberly, and Henry Gradstein.

     

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