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  • AI完成了舒伯特未完成的交響曲,但誰擁有版權?


    ◎雖然新技術可以解決許多老問題,但也會產生新的法律問題。AI(人工智慧)被用來幫助完成了舒伯特的第8號交響曲就是這種情況。舒伯特在寫完該交響曲的前兩個樂章之後,1822年放棄了完成這部作品。洛杉磯的電影和電視作曲家Lucas Cantor在iPhone的AI幫助下完成這項工作,藉由雲端機器學習系統,從大約2,000件作品分析舒伯特的結構風格,根據學到的內容,對未完成作品提出適合的建議。但現在更大的問題是,誰擁有這個新作品的版權?是Lucas Cantor還是使用AI程式的軟體開發人員?



    AI Completes Schubert's Unfinished Symphony, But Who Owns The Copyright?

    While technology can solve a lot of legal problems, it's also capable of creating plenty as well, as evidenced in the recent instance of artificial intelligence being utilized to complete Franz Schubert's unfinished Symphony No. 8. - raising the question of who exactly owns the copyright of this newly completed piece of music.

    Whenever a new technology comes into play it may solve problems suffered by previous generations, but it also usually opens up new legal territory as well. Such is the case with artificial intelligence being used to help complete Franz Schubert's Symphony No. 8, which the composer abandoned in 1822 after writing the first two movements.

    Composers and musicologists have puzzled over this for nearly two centuries now, but it took Los Angeles-based film and television composer Lucas Cantor, with the help of some iPhone-based AI from Huawei, to complete the the work. The cloud-based machine learning system analyzed Schubert's composition style from some 2,000 pieces and made suggestions that would fit the unfinished piece based on what it learned.

    Whether you think that the new movement is appropriate or not is a matter of taste, but the bigger question now becomes, who owns the copyright of new piece of work? Lucas Cantor or the software developer for the AI program used?

    Cantor says that using AI is just another case of one composer learning some melodic or orchestral tricks from another, and maybe that's true from a creative standpoint, but the ownership of the copyright blurs. Schubert's works are in the public domain, but the new movement is not and that's one of the things that's making copyright attorneys work overtime.

    This is becoming a bigger issue since record labels have already signed AI teams to write new music, so the issue isn't going away anytime soon.

    You can read more about the latest Schubert movement here. What do you think?