ByteDance得到川普首肯 TikTok免於關閉

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  • ByteDance得到川普首肯 TikTok免於關閉

      202101/1302:26

    ◎美國總統川普週六(9/19)表示,他原則上支持抖音TikTok這款短視頻影音應用程式繼續在美國營運的協議,儘管這似乎與他先前要求中國的母公司ByteDance撤資的命令相抵觸。
    ◎川普8月14日簽署一項行政命令,給予ByteDance 字節跳動公司90天的時間出售TikTok。但是,週六宣布的新交易是「合夥關係」而非「資產剝離」。川普說,TikTok將由一家名為(TikTok Global)的新公司所有,並將總部設在美國,有可能在德州。
    ◎Oracle甲骨文公司表示,(ORCL.N) 將持有 (TikTok Global) 12.5%的股份,並將其所有美國用戶數據存儲在其運端中,以符合美國國家安全要求。零售巨頭Walmart 表示(WMT.N)將收購(TikTok Global) 7.5%的股份。消息人士稱, ByteDance將擁有(TikTok Global) 80%的股份,鑑於美國投資者目前擁有ByteDance約40%的股份,白宮將把這算作(TikTok Global)歸美國方所有的股份。因此,Oracle, Walmart和ByteDance的美國投資者,將直接或間接擁有(TikTok Global)約53%的股份。
    ◎目前還不清楚是什麼促使白宮妥協原本要求出售TikTok的努力。但是,該協議附帶了滿足川普美國優先政策的承諾,還避免在11月3日美國大選之前疏遠TikTok的年輕用戶。
    ◎ByteDance同意經由TikTok創造25,000個新的美國就業機會,而現在只有1,000多個。川普之前曾呼籲Oracle和Walmart等公司,向美國支付參加TikTok交易的費用,他說,作為交易的一部分,將有50億美元的「美國教育基金」。Oracle和Walmart等公司沒有透露他們將在教育計劃上花費多少,但表示(TikTok Global)將向美國財政部支付超過50億美元的新稅款。
    ◎雖然ByteDance將根據協議保留TikTok的原始代碼,但Oracle將對其進行檢查,執行長(Safra Catz)表示,她的公司對為TikTok提供高度安全的環境並確保TikTok的美國用戶和全球用戶100%的數據隱私。
    ◎ByteDance還必須放棄對TikTok的某些控制。路透社週四報導,(TikTok Global)將擁有多數美國董事,美國執行長和安全專家。Walmart週六表示,執行長(Doug McMillon)將擔任(TikTok Global)的五名董事會成員之一。
    ◎明年ByteDance對TikTok的所有權有可能會進一步減少。路透社週四首次報導ByteDance正在計劃(ikTok Global)首次公開募股(IPO)。首次公開募股的申請將在美國證券交易所進行,可能需要一年左右的時間。
    ◎CFIUS批准
    美國商務部周六表示,原Google和Apple週日停止提供TikTok的下載生效時程將延後一周。監督交易談判的美國政府小組-美國外國投資委員會(CFIUS)必須批准該交易。至於被川普政府認為不可信,由中國Tencent所有的應用程式WeChat,要求應用程式商店停止下載的命令仍將在周日晚上生效。
    ◎中國官媒《環球時報》總編胡錫進表示,這一計劃仍然不公平,但是避免了最糟糕的結果,即TikTok被關閉或完全出售給美國公司。

    詳細全文:

    WASHINGTON/NEW YORK (Reuters) - U.S. President Donald Trump said on Saturday he supported a deal in principle that would allow TikTok to continue to operate in the United States, even as it appeared to conflict with his earlier order for China’s ByteDance to divest the video app.
    ByteDance was racing to avoid a crackdown on TikTok after the U.S. Commerce Department said on Friday it would block new downloads and updates to the app come Sunday. U.S. officials had expressed concern that the personal data of as many as 100 million Americans that use the app were being passed on to China’s Communist Party government.
    Trump signed an executive order on Aug. 14 giving ByteDance 90 days to sell TikTok. The deal announced on Saturday, however, is structured as a partnership rather than a divestment.
    TikTok will be owned by a new company called TikTok Global and will be headquartered in the United States, possibly in Texas, Trump said. Oracle Corp ORCL.N will take a 12.5% stake in TikTok Global and store all its U.S. user data on its cloud to comply with U.S. national security requirements, the companies said. Retail giant Walmart WMT.N said it would take a 7.5% stake in TikTok Global. The implied valuation for TikTok Global as a result of these investments could not be learned.
    While Oracle and Walmart said that TikTok Global will be majority-owned by U.S. investors, this is the case only if one takes into account ByteDance’s investor base, according to a source familiar with the matter who requested anonymity to discuss the deal’s structure. This is because ByteDance will own 80% of TikTok Global, the source said.
    Given that U.S. investors currently own about 40% of ByteDance, the White House will count that towards how much of TikTok Global is owned by U.S. parties, the source added. As a result, Oracle, Walmart, and ByteDance’s U.S. investors will own, directly or indirectly, about 53% of TikTok Global, a second source said.
    Beijing-based ByteDance did not immediately respond to a request for comment. Walmart and Oracle also did not offer more information on TikTok Global’s ownership structure.
    It was not immediately clear what spurred the White House to compromise on its push for an outright sale of TikTok. However, the deal comes with pledges that cater to Trump’s ‘America First’ policy agenda. It also averts alienating TikTok’s young users ahead of the Nov. 3 U.S. election.
    ByteDance agreed to create 25,000 new U.S. jobs at TikTok, up from a little over 1,000 now. Trump, who had previously called on companies such as Oracle and Walmart to pay the United States a “fee” to participate in the TikTok deal, said there would also be a $5 billion U.S. education fund as part of the deal.
    TikTok logo is displayed on the smartphone while standing on the U.S. flag in this illustration picture taken, November 8, 2019. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Files
    “I said, you know, do me a favor, could you put up $5 billion into a fund for education so we can educate people as to the real history of our country, not the fake history,” Trump told a rally of supporters in Fayetteville, North Carolina on Saturday.
    Oracle and Walmart described the agreement differently. They said that together with ByteDance top investors General Atlantic, Sequoia and Coatue they would create an educational initiative to deliver an artificial-intelligence driven online video curriculum for children, from basic reading and math to science, history and computer engineering.
    The companies did not say how much they would spend on the education initiative. However, they said TikTok Global would pay more than $5 billion in new taxes to the U.S. Treasury.
    While ByteDance will get to keep TikTok’s source code under the deal, Oracle will get to inspect it. Oracle CEO Safra Catz said her company was “100% confident in our ability to deliver a highly secure environment to TikTok and ensure data privacy to TikTok’s American users, and users throughout the world.”
    Catz served on Trump’s transition team in 2016, while Oracle’s co-founder and chairman Larry Ellison is one of the few top technology executives to openly support the U.S. president.
    ByteDance also had to give up some of its control of TikTok. Reuters reported on Thursday that TikTok Global would have a majority of American directors, a U.S. chief executive and a security expert on the board. Walmart said on Saturday its CEO Doug McMillon would serve as one of the five board members of TikTok Global.
    It is possible that ByteDance’s ownership of TikTok will be reduced further next year. Reuters was first to report on Thursday that ByteDance is planning an initial public offering (IPO) of TikTok Global. The filing of the IPO would be on a U.S. stock exchange and could come in about a year.
    CFIUS APPROVAL
    The Commerce Department said on Saturday it would delay by one week an order that had been set to take effect late Sunday that would have forced Alphabet Inc's Google GOOGL.O and Apple Inc AAPL.O to stop offering TikTok for download, so the TikTok deal can be completed. The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS), the U.S. government panel overseeing the deal talks, has to approve the transaction.
    Oracle beat out Microsoft Corp MSFT.O, which said last week that its offer to acquire TikTok's U.S. business was rebuffed by ByteDance.
    The Trump administration has stepped up its efforts to purge what it deems "untrusted" Chinese apps from U.S. digital networks. An order to require app stores to stop downloads of Tencent Holding Ltd's 0700.HK WeChat is still set to take effect Sunday night.
    TikTok interim chief executive Vanessa Pappa said in a video posted on Saturday that “Tiktok is here to stay.”
    China also has to approve the deal. “We’ll see whether or not it all happens,” Trump said.
    The first Chinese reaction to the deal came from Global Times, which is published by the People’s Daily, the official newspaper of China’s ruling Communist Party. Global Times editor Hu Xijin said “this scheme is still unfair, but it avoids the worst result that TikTok is shut down or sold to a U.S. company completely.”

     

    Reuters
    https://reut.rs/3mzvr3D