Spotify,YouTube和其他公司 如何在2019年復甦印度的音樂串流媒體空間

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  • Spotify,YouTube和其他公司 如何在2019年復甦印度的音樂串流媒體空間


    ◎ Spotify於2019年2月28日在印度默默地啟動服務,價格低至13盧比。不久後YouTube也在印度推出付費服務,價格每月99盧比,並且與「YouTube Premium」綑綁在一起,價格為每月129盧比。YouTube的免費服務已經在印度流行,這為該公司提供了所需的動力。
    ◎「YouTube Premium」與「YouTube Music Premium」在訂戶競賽中也處於領先地位,印度有超過80萬付費用戶。相較之下,Spotify在印度擁有超過200萬用戶,包括免費和付費用戶。但是,Spotify贏得了Google Play的「Users Choice 2019」獎項,贏得了人氣。
    ◎Spotify和YouTube音樂在印度的進入無疑激起了音樂串流媒體市場的競爭強度,該市場到2020年預計將超過2.73億美元。在高度競爭之下,當地服務JioSaavn和Gaana的年度訂閱計劃分別降到999盧比和1,098盧比。Apple Music也削減所有訂閱計劃的價格、比Spotify還便宜。
    ◎音樂串流媒體可以看作是印度現今蓬勃發展的市場,但消費者仍依賴免費服務居多。電信公司提供的、基於廣告而收聽和音樂訂閱,在印度用戶中很受歡迎。根據Counterpoint Research的研究,如何讓他們“付費”訂閱,是這些公司面臨的最大挑戰。另外,行動資費的提高,也可能成為音樂串流媒體市場的挑戰。


    India’s music streaming space gained in 2019 with the entry of Spotifyand YouTube. Here’s what’s next for these players in 2020.
    Music streaming has been around in India for years now but it came in the limelight especially this year. The reason behind this is due to global services like Spotify and YouTube entering the Indian market and causing a stir among local players in India.
    ~International affairs~
    Spotify’s launch in India was highly awaited considering it’s the most popular music streaming service globally. The company silently launched its service in India on February 28. Spotify came prepared though with multiple subscription plans and even top-up options available for as low as Rs 13.
    Soon after Spotify, YouTube also launched its paid services in India. YouTube Music is available at Rs 99 per month and it comes bundled with YouTube Premium at Rs 129 per month. YouTube’s free service which is already popular in India gave the company the boost it needed.
    YouTube Premium and YouTube Music Premium are also ahead in the subscriber race with over 800,000 paid users in India. In comparison, Spotify has over 2 million users in India including free and paid. Spotify, however, won in terms of popularity with the app bagging Google Play’s ‘Users’ Choice 2019’ award.
    ~Market boost~
    Spotify and YouTube Music’s entry in India definitely stirred the music streaming market which is expected to surpass $273 million by 2020 (Deloitte report). According to Counterpoint Research’s Abhilash Kumar, Spotify, in particular, is expected to increase market share in 2020 because of its recommendation based algorithm, podcasts and “innovative plans/offers”.
    ~Domino effect~
    The effect was seen in rival services as well which were quick enough to slash prices of its subscription plans. JioSaavn and Gaana reduced their annual subscription plans to Rs 999 and Rs 1,098 respectively. Apple Music also slashed prices of all its subscription plans making it cheaper than Spotify.
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    Music streaming can now be seen as a booming market in India but consumers are still reliant on free services. Getting users on subscription plans is the biggest challenge for these companies, according to Counterpoint Research. Ad-based listening and music subscriptions provided by telcos are popular among users in India.
    The increased mobile tariffs could also be a challenge for music streaming market.
    “I think the market will continue to grow robustly. It’s still in its infancy, still being adopted by large parts of the country. 2020 will be a year for an increase in adoption, Jehlil Thakkar, Deloitte India said.
    “Another thing we have to see is any increase in data charges which the telcos have announced will impact the adoption and the use of the streaming services. We don’t know the impact yet but there’s likely to be an impact,” he added.
    The music streaming industry (audio streaming OTT) in India is estimated at 270 crores (Deloitte report). This is very low compared to other platforms in the music industry overall.
    Abhilash Kumar added the music streaming companies can expand in the rural market with lightweight apps. Spotify Lite recently launched in multiple markets including India. Third-party tie-ups and localisation are also key areas where these companies can increase their presence in India.